Andrew Murray

Andrew Murray

Director, FAS Center for Systems Biology
Director of the Bauer Fellows Program
Professor of Molecular and Cellular Biology

Murray Lab Website
Andrew Murray on why teaching matters
Andrew Murray on iBioSeminars


Phone: (617) 496-1350
Mail: 52 Oxford Street, Northwest building, room 469.20, Cambridge MA 02138


We use budding yeast to look for general principles that underlie the function and evolution of cells, as revealed by studying the transmission of genetic information during cell division, mating, and how cells evolve in response to selective pressure. We try to make quantitative measurements that discriminate amongst different classes of models and members of the lab come from both biology and physics backgrounds. In general, we are more interested in using genetic and physiological perturbations to understand the “rules of the game” than understand the chemical functions of individual proteins.

How does mitosis segregate a cell's chromosomes into two identical sets before cell division? This question has fascinated biologists for over a century and is directly relevant to cancer and other important medical problems. We study two aspects of chromosome behavior: how chromosomes attach to the chromosome segregation machinery (the spindle) in mitosis and meiosis, and the spindle checkpoint, the control circuit that cells use to make sure that their chromosomes are properly lined up on the mitotic spindle before initiating chromosome segregation.

Budding yeast has two mating types and can exist stably as both haploids and diploids. We use microfluidics, video microscopy, and genetic manipulation to ask how cells pick a single axis of polarization when they are exposed to mating pheromones, how this axis is aligned to pheromone gradients, and how pairs of cells efficiently court and then fuse with each other in dense mixtures of mating cells. Our results suggest that cells use the cytoskeleton to integrate signaling from all parts of the cell surface in way that guarantees a single axis of polarity.

How does selective pressure induce the evolution of new traits and how predictable is the outcome of such experiments? We study both general and specific questions. The general questions include attempting to use theory and experiment to determine how the rate of evolution depends on population sizes and the beneficial mutation rate, evolving altered mating preferences (a first step towards speciation), investigating the advantages of mutators, evolving cooperation, and determining the distribution of beneficial and deleterious mutations. The more specific projects use the mating pathway and attempt to create connections to other signaling pathways and turn the pathway from a rapidly reversible and graded response into a stable switch that can be thrown by a single exposure to mating pheromone.

Selected Publications

Reviews, Commentary:

Hartwell, L.H., Hopfield, J.J., Leibler, S. and Murray, A.W.  1999.  From molecular to modular cell biology. Nature 402, C47-52.

Murray, A.W.  2004.  Recycling the Cell Cycle: Cyclins Revisited.  Cell 116, 221-234.

Ingolia, N.T. and Murray, A.W.  2004. The Ups and Downs of Modeling the Cell Cycle. Curr. Biol. 14, R771-R777.


Shonn, M.A., McCarroll, R. and Murray, A.W.  2000. Requirement of the Spindle Checkpoint  for Proper Chromosome Segregation in Budding Yeast Meiosis. Science 289, 300-3.

Stern, B.M. and Murray, A.W. 2001. Lack of tension at kinetochores activates the spindle check point  in budding yeast. Curr. Biol.11, 1462-7.

Biggins, S. and Murray, A.W. 2001. The budding yeast protein kinase Ipl1/aurora allows the absence of tension to activate the spindle checkpoint. Genes & Dev. 15, 3118-29.

Indjeian, V. and Murray, A.W. 2005. The Centromeric Protein Sgo1 Signals Lack of Tension on Mitotic Chromosomes. Science 307, 130-133.

Leu, J-Y. and Murray, A.W. 2006. Experimental Evolution of Mating Discrimination in Budding Yeast.  Curr. Biol. 16, 280-286.

Palframan, W.J., Meehl, J.B., Jasperson, S.L., Winey, M., and Murray, A.W.  2006.  Anaphase Inactiviation of the Spindle Checkpoint. Science, in press.


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